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Geography and GIS

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A mobile device with a map on it

Geography is the science of space and place on Earth's surface. It focuses on the physical and human phenomena that make up the world's environments and places. Geographers describe the changing spatial patterns of places in words, maps, and graphics. Geography's continuing quest is to understand the physical and cultural features of places and their settings on the surface of Earth.

GIS is one of the fastest growing career fields in North America. It is a computer-based tool used to map, manage, analyze, display, and model spatial information. A GIS is a data management system capable of analyzing patterns and relationships between many different layers of mapped data simultaneously. Advantages of a GIS compared with a traditional map are the ability of the user to quickly alter the display properties, modify or introduce new data, and manipulate analysis results by changing input parameters and modifying the assumptions.