This is taken directly from the Los Rios website on copyright laws.
Reproduction of copyrighted materials without permission is a violation of civil law and may result in the personal imposition of penalties and damages exceeding $100,000 or criminal prosecution.
Permission to duplicate copyrighted materials must be obtained each semester/session. It is the instructor’s responsibility to provide the written permissions necessary to duplicate those materials. For information on copyright and fair use policy please see below or go to one of these websites:
Taken from Los Rios Community College District Regulations Development and Copyright of Materials R-8333
6.0 Guidelines for Observing Copyright Protections
6.1 Single copies may be made of printed materials (17 USC, Section 107) for purposes of criticism, comment, teaching, scholarship, or research as follows:
6.1.1 A chapter of a book;
6.1.2 an article from a periodical or a newspaper;
6.1.3 a short story, a short essay, or a short poem;
6.1.4 a chart, a graph, a diagram, a drawing, a cartoon or a picture from a book, a periodical, or a newspaper;
6.1.5 a single copy of an entire performable unit of music that is confirmed by the copyright owner to be out of print or that is unavailable except in a larger work, when made for academic purpose other than performance and solely for the teacher's research or class preparation.
6.2 Multiple copies, not to exceed one (1) copy per student, may be made for or by an instructor for classroom use, provided that:
6.2.1 Each copy carries the copyright notice;
6.2.2 the copying is not used to substitute for the purchase of printed materials;
6.2.3 the copying is not used to create or substitute for anthologies or other collective works;
6.2.4 the copying is not from works described as "consumable" such as workbooks, standardized tests, test booklets, answer sheets, etc.; and
6.2.5 the copying meets the tests for brevity, spontaneity, and cumulative effect.
Poetry - A complete poem if less than 250 words or an excerpt of not more than 250 words.
Prose - A complete article, story, or essay if less than 2,500 words or an excerpt from a longer work if not more than 1,000 words or 10 percent (10%) of the work.
Illustration - One (1) chart, graph, diagram, drawing, or picture per book or periodical issue.
Printed music - Excerpts of works for academic purposes other than performance, provided they do not compromise a performable unit such as selection, movement, or aria or exceed 10 percent (10%) of the total work.
The copying is at the inspiration of an individual instructor and not directed by a higher authority. The decision to use to work and the moment of maximum effectiveness are so close in time as to make it unreasonable to request permission for use.
184.108.40.206 Cumulative Effect:
The copying is for only one (1) course and is not repeated by the same instructor from term to term.
The copying does not exceed one (1) short poem, article, essay; two (2) excerpts from the same author; no more than
three (3) excerpts from the same collective work during one (1) class term.
Such multiple copying does not exceed nine (9) instances in one (1) class term.
6.2.6 The copying of printed music for purposes of performance is not allowed except that emergency copying may be done to replace purchased copies which are not available for an imminent performance, provided replacement copies are ordered promptly.
From Los Rios Community College website | Develpment & Copyright of Materials R-8333
Stanford University | Copyright Web Site resources
Online Paralegal Resources
| Crash course in copyright
University of Texas | article on a lawsuit filed and won against a Kinko’s